Fit for Net-Zero

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Investments in next generation clean technologies. 55 Tech Quests to accelerate Europe’s recovery and pave the way to climate neutrality.

Our new report, “FIT FOR NET – ZERO: 55 Tech Quests to accelerate Europe’s recovery and pave the way to climate neutrality”, is commissioned by Breakthrough Energy. It provides a practical action plan and investment guide for policy makers and investors, to help stimulate economic transition at the speed and scale needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change. With its 55 actionable recommendations for financial support, it targets the utilization of the European Commission’s €750 billion recovery fund, and other innovation funding vehicles, to transform Europe’s economy and set it on course for climate neutrality by 2050.

This report investigates and analyzes existing and future technologies across five core economic domains: energy, building and construction, transportation, food and land use. Capgemini Invent (see below for script1) worked with over 100 eminent innovators, entrepreneurs, corporate strategists and policy makers, to identify the 55 high impact climate technologies most likely to deliver transformational results, at speed and scale.

These 55 quests provide a balanced mix to energize and engage all areas of the European economy and regions. More than 200 individual projects were examined, each with differing levels of technological maturity, to assess their transformational potential and readiness for investment support and the resulting 55 choices have impacts in the five sectors summarised below.

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Contact us to access the Excel spreadsheet containing the detailed calculations, sources and proxies.


The building sector is one of the most significant sources of CO₂e emissions in Europe. 28 billion square meters of floor space generates 1,100 MtCO₂e (600 MtCO₂e direct emissions, 500 MtCO₂e for electricity) that must be cut down over 80% to just 200 MtCO₂e by 2050. Of this, 430 MtCO₂e in direct emissions come from Europe’s 20 billion square meters of residential space. Our Building report looks at how automating and streamlining construction processes to deep renovation can help accelerate our delivery of net-zero emissions.


Using fossil fuels has major drawbacks, not least that their combustion emits greenhouse gases. Also a considerable portion of energy is wasted, mostly heat in combustion processes, power plants and due to high-temperatures. Our Energy report looks at the solutions and projects to scale up towards the net-zero target, from new generation solar modules and bifacial panels to large-scale hydrogen production and combined solar generation, storage, and grid.

Food and Land Use

Our report looks at the key challenges and the recommended technologies and projects to reducing the environmental impact of the whole agricultural value chain from farm to fork to cut down emissions by 20% in 2030 and 50% in 2050 to boost systemic change to reach net – zero emissions.


Achieving a low carbon industry is of paramount importance, not only to reach the 2050 carbon neutrality target, but also to allow economic growth for EU companies and workers. Our report focuses on solutions for the steel and cement industries, responsible for 30% of emissions.


Transportation in its many forms currently produces over 1,200 MtCO2e per year, 30% of total emissions in the EU. Liquid fossil fuels drive most air, marine, road and rail movements. Our Transport report looks at solutions for clean alternatives, supported by giga scale battery and charging infrastructure from scaling up green c-liquid fuel production for aviation and long distance shipping to ammonia fueled vessels.

Full report

File size: 6.37 MB File type: PDF

Net zero Infographic

File size: 250.88 KB File type: PDF

Buildings report

File size: 655.29 KB File type: PDF

Energy report

File size: 4.77 MB File type: PDF

Food-Land report

File size: 2.79 MB File type: PDF

Industry report

File size: 6.56 MB File type: PDF

Transport report

File size: 7.72 MB File type: PDF

Featured Expert

Florent Andrillon

Florent is leading Energy Utilities & Chemicals market unit for Capgemini Invent France.

Featured Quote

Cyril Garcia, CEO of Capgemini Invent and Group Executive Board Member

“Working with Breakthrough Energy on this report is a great effort, giving us the opportunity to point to how a net-zero economic transformation in Europe can be achieved. This report is more than an in-depth mathematical and economic analysis, as it highlights some already best available technologies that are well positioned to make a real impact by 2030, as well as the promising breakthrough and next-gen clean technologies that will help Europe meet its ambitious 2050 net zero target. Fossil-fuel derived sources of energy can be replaced by game-changing technologies that are developed and deployed on an unprecedented scale, but this is a highly challenging task. With this latest research and insights, we look to provide a comprehensive plan of action to guide investments that would dramatically accelerate Europe’s drive to net zero, while creating jobs and new markets.”